Collider Physics (part of the Advanced Particle Physics Module)
In this course we will explore fundamental concepts of Experimental Particle Physics at Colliders:
1. Brief summary of the basic concepts already seen in the Particle Physics Module:
- particles and forces;
- natural unitis, cross sections, luminosity;
- typical structure of a high energy physics detector, signatures for different particles in a detector;
- concept of triggering (e.g: the ATLAS trigger).
2. Relativistic kinematic:
- the concept of four-vectors and the Lotrentz transformations;
- centre of mass energy, differences between collider/fixed target;
- concept of invariant mass;
- the Mandelstam variables and the two-body decay.
3. Feynman diagrams and their usage to estimate the interaction/decay matrix elements
4. QCD physics:
- proton structure, the Deep Inelastic Scattering;
- alpha_s determination and DIS cross sections;
- jet physics.
5. The Standard Model:
- W, Z and top physics
6. CP violation
7. Higgs physics
8. Physics Beyond the Standard Model:
- Neutrino Oscillations; basic concepts of Supersymmetry and Exotic theories
During the workshops there will be examples to strengthen the understanding of the above concepts.
Particle Physics Material (Introductory Material to the Collider Physics Module)
Advanced Material (Core Material for the Collider Physics Lectures)
B.R. Martin & G. Shaw, "Particle Physics", J. Wiley & Sons (Second Edition).
The Standard Model